It is a digital connection used to connect a graphics card to a screen.
It is advantageous (compared to VGA) on the screens where the pixels are physically separated.
The DVI connection so significantly improves the quality of the display to the VGA connection with :
• separation of shades of color for each pixel : perfectly clear picture.
• a digital (without loss) transmission of colors.
This is the equivalent digital analog RGB (red green blue) link but conveyed on three routes LVDS (low voltage differential signal) and by three shielded twisted pair.
In addition, as all (except CRT) screens are digital in-house, the DVI connection avoids analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion by the graphics card, and losses during transfer by the VGA.
Mid-January 2006 a European tax of 14 percent came knocking the monitors of 50cm (20 inches) and more, equipped with a plug DVI, manufactured outside of the eurozone.