Lighthning | Technical Characteristics | instrumentic.info

Lightning is an 8-pin connector produced by Apple since 2012
Lightning is an 8-pin connector produced by Apple since 2012

Lightning

Lightning is an 8-pin connector produced by Apple since 2012. It replaces on all new products the 30-pin connector introduced in 2003 with the third generation iPod.

It requires an adapter to work with previous devices using the old connector. The switch from 30 to 8 pins also leaves behind certain functions such as theiPod Out (introduced in 2010 with iOS 4)
which displayed the Music app's interface on a compatible automotive audio system, as well as analog video outputs (composite and component).

At the end of 2013, barely a year after its presentation, it is available on the bulk of mobile products sold by Apple with the exception of theiPhone 4s, theiPad 3, theiPod shuffle and theiPod Classic. Since the end of 2014, after the shutdown by Apple other models,
TheiPod shuffle is the only product in the catalogue that is not compatible.
It may not be available until the end of 2017, Apple risk of having to comply with the EU directive that imposes an open and standardised solution in 2017,
usb Type-C port.

Lightning was introduced by Apple September 12, 2012 at the keynote announcing theiPhone 5, theiPod 7th generation nano and theiPod 5th generation touch.
It replaces the old 30-pin connector.
The first-ever docking station equipped with the connector Lightning (OnBeat Micro) was designed by JBL and launched at the end of 2012.
Since the availability of iOS 7, many cables Lightning have difficulty working properly and the phone or tablet display a message of incompatibility.

The connector Lightning received a mixed reception due to its incompatibility with the many iPhone And iPod without relying on an open standard such as the micro-USB format.
Apple still remains in line with European standards by offering an adapter Lightning micro-USB to which only allows charging, as the data can only be conveyed by the cable Lightning direct connection (as well as Wi-Fi).

Pinout

GND Mass
L0p 0 positive (0.23mpa)
L0n 0 negative (-0.23mpa)
ID0 identification/control 0
Pwr power/load
L1p 1 positive
L1n 1 negative
ID1 identification/control 1

Note :

The two lanes (L0/1n and L0/1p) can be reversed depending on whether you are on a device or computer. The lanes are not reversed if an identification chip is plugged into the ID0 track.
Compatible products
Adapter Lightning Jack 3.5 mm.

Lightning is only integrated with certain Apple products and third-party accessories dedicated to them.

iPhone : iPhone 5, 5s, 5c, 6 and 6 Plus, 6s and 6s Plus, SE, 7 and 7 Plus, 8 and 8 Plus, X.
iPod : iPod touch 5th and 6th generations, iPod 7th generation nano.
iPad : iPad 4th iPad 5th iPad 6th iPad Air, iPad Air 2, iPad Mini iPad mini 2, iPad mini 3, iPad mini 4 and iPad Pro (9.7\, 10.5\ and 12.9\).
Accessories : Magic Mouse, Magic Keyboard, Apple Pencil, Remote control Apple TV 4 (Siri Remote) And AirPods.

Iphone

iPhone 5
iPhone 5c
iPhone 5s
iPhone 6 and 6 More
iPhone 6s and 6s Plus
iPhone SE
iPhone 7 and 7 More
iPhone 8 and 8 Plus3
iPhone X4

iPad

iPad (4th generation)
iPad (5th generation)
iPad (6th generation)
iPad Air
iPad Air 2
iPad Mini
iPad mini 2
iPad mini 3
iPad mini 4
iPad Pro (9.7\, 10.5\ and 12.9\)

Ipod

iPod nano (7th generation)
iPod touch (5th generation)
iPod touch (6th generation)

Accessories

Adapter Lightning 3.5mm Jack headphones
Apple Pencil
Apple Watch Dock
Magic Keyboard
Magic Mouse 2, Magic Trackpad 2
Siri Remote For Apple TV (4th generation)
AirPods chargeur
EarPods with Lightning connector
BeatsX with Lightning connector